PART 14 – PERSONNEL MATTERS

GENERAL – ALL PERIODS

(Available material to date covers Officer Training and Officer Postings; publications in relation to Other Ranks & Senior NCOs will be added as and when produced)

2/4 RAR Nominal Roll

2/4 RAR Association

A site that allows identification of all who served in the unit. Accessible at https://24rarassociation.com/?page_id=74

3rd Battalion Royal Australian Regiment (Honour roll)

3 RAR Association

Honour roll for all 3 RAR to die while on overseas service. Accessible at http://www.3rar.com.au/honour.html

4 RAR Associations of Australia (Honour roll)

4 RAR Association

Honour roll for all 4 RAR to die while on overseas service. Accessible at http://www.4rarassociationsaustralia.com/honour-roll-2017.html

ABIGAIL,  AO – Peter John – Major General

Wikipedia

Career profile of Major General Abigail whose RAR service included 3 RAR of which he was also the CO.

Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Abigail

ARNISON, AO, CVO – Peter Maurice – Major General

Wikipedia

Career profile of Major General Arnison, whose service with RAR included 1 RAR, 3 RAR, and 5/7 RAR of which he was the CO. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Arnison

Anonymous – Review of Veterans’ Entitlements (2003 Clarke Review)

The full 3, 300 submissions to the Clarke Review Report published in January 2003. Stored in Trove, and accessible at https://webarchive.nla.gov.au/awa/20060820021904/http://www.veteransreview.gov.au/read.htm

Very large numbers of RAR members were, and are, affected by this review which covered the period end World War II onwards. Terms of reference were:  

  • Consider perceived anomalies with eligibility for access to VEA benefits and Qualifying Service that might be raised by some World War II veterans, veterans of the British Commonwealth Occupation Forces in Japan, Australian participants in British Atomic testing in Australia, Australian service personnel engaged in counter terrorist and special recovery training and other interested parties; and
  • Recommend possible changes to address any anomalies and to facilitate the equitable and efficient administration of the VEA.

BALDWIN, AO – Donald Sidney Percival – Major General

Wikipedia

Career profile of Major General Baldwin, whose service with the RAR included 65 BN, 1 RAR, 3 RAR as a company commander in Malaya. Accessible at https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/P11044218

BEARSLEY, David & MULLER, Laurie – The Life and Times of Class 1/65 of the Officer Training Unit Scheyville

Figtree Press, Brisbane, 2020

ISBN: 978-0-6487584-0-2

Colour and B & W photographs; 144 pages.

Records all 55 years since the inaugural march out of the first graduating class form the Officer Training Unit. Comprising 14 chapters, it is image-heavy and lists the names of all graduates and some staff, many of which graduated to or were in the RAR. Includes Honours and Awards made to OUT graduates.

BENNETT, AC, KBE, DSO – Sir Phillip Harvey- General

Wikipedia

Career profile of General Bennett whose RAR service included  67 Bn in Japan, 3 RAR, and 1 RAR, the latter of which he also commanded in Vietnam. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phillip_Bennett#:~:text=General%20Sir%20Phillip%20Harvey%20Bennett,Tasmania%20from%201987%20to%201995.

BOURKE, James Raymond – Living with Unresolved Grief and Uncompleted Tasks: Achieving Closure around Ambiguous Loss and Traumatic Events during Wartime

Victoria University, Melbourne, 2014

This study examines how people deal with contentious life issues where high levels of ambiguity exist, specifically ambiguity arising from wartime losses where authorities declare a service person as Missing-in-Action or Killed-in-Action, without the recovery of a body. Most MIA/KIA since Korea have been RAR members. A thesis submitted for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy at Victoria University. Accessible at https://vuir.vu.edu.au/27752/

BOURKE, Joanna – An intimate history of killing: Face to face killing in the twentieth century

Ingram Publisher Services, New York, 2000

ISBN-10: 0465007384

ISBN-13: 978-0465007387

Illustrated, bibliography, index; 544 pages.

Addresses the subject of killing in combat and draws on US, British and Australian sources including many individuals from Korea and Vietnam wars, which would have to include some RAR individuals.

BOX, Allan – A soldier in the family: A source book for the Australian military genealogy- the First Fleet to the Gulf War

LV Printers, Traralgon VIC, 1994

ISBN: Nil

Illustrated, bibliography; 96 pages.

No index, but this book includes sections on Korea through to the Gulf War in which RAR personnel served.

BRIDGEFORD, KBE, CB, MC – Sir William ‘Big Bill’ – Lieutenant General

Wikipedia

Career outline of Lieutenant General Bridgeford who did not serve in an RAR, but commanded 1,2 and 3 RAR within BCOF in Japan. Accessible at Career outline of Major General Dawson whose RAR service included 3 RAR. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Bridgeford

BROWN, James Hill & RIGGS, Patricia – The Macleay Valley’s tribute to its silent heroes: we have remembered them

Self-published, Kempsie NSW, 1995

ISBN:  Nil

Photographs; 238 pages.

A tribute to local citizens to serve in the ADF; including RAR members. Second Edition.

BURR, AODSCMVO – Richard Maxwell “Rick” – Lieutenant General 

Wikipedia

Career profile of Lieutenant General Burr whose RAR service included 8/9 RAR. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rick_Burr

BUTLER, AO, DSO, – David Mathieson – Major General

Career profile of Major General Butler, whose service with the RAR included  3 RAR as a company commander in Korea, and in Vietnam with 6 RAR of which he was the CO. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Butler_(general)

CALIGARI, AO, DSC – John – Lieutenant General

Wikipedia

Career outline of Lieutenant General Caligari who served in 1 RAR as a platoon and then company commander, and as the CO. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Caligari

CAMPBELL, AO, DSC – Angus – General

Wikipedia

Career profile of Lieutenant General Campbell whose RAR service included 3 RAR and as CO 2 RAR.   Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angus_Campbell_(general)

CAMPBELL, CBE, DSO and bar – Ian Ross – Major General

Wikipedia

Career outline of Lieutenant General Caligari who served during WW II and then the Interim Army including in BVOF as its commander from 1951-53 when 1, 2 and 3 RAR were held and/or supported in Korea. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ian_Ross_Campbell

CAUGHEY, CSC, AM – Shane – Major General

Pressreader

Online, 2013

Outline career profile of General Caughey who served with 2/4 RAR and as CO 6 RAR. Accessible at https://www.pressreader.com/australia/the-free-press-corowa/20131225/281500749078772

CHADWICK, Justin – Sword and baton: senior Australian Army officers from Federation to 2001 (Volume Two: 1939 to 1962)

Big Sky Publishing, Sydney, 2022

ISBN: 9781925520309

Illustrations, bibliography, footnotes; 735 pp.

Covers all of the senior Australian Army offices promoted to Major General and above in the period 1939 to 1962. This includes many ex-RAR (and the predecessors of 1, 2 and 3 RAR).

CHURCH, Sophie – A Vintage Class: Royal Military College Duntroon 1958-61

HistorySmiths, Melbourne, 2022

ISBN: 978-0-6489574-4-7

Illustrated, index, graduate list; 184 pages.

Graduates to Infantry from the Duntroon graduating class of 1961 served in Malaya, Borneo, Vietnam, Malaysia and other deployments including United Nations, as individuals or as members of RAR units and sub-units.  

CLUNIES-ROSS, MBE – Adrian – Major General

UNSW Canberra

Video interview, 40 mins 22 secs. Contains many images as well as the interview narrative.

Australians at War Archive series, No 15.

Major General Clunies-Ross served with 1 RAR, 8 RAR (as CO) and the AATTV. Transcript of interview also available on this website. Accessible at https://australiansatwarfilmarchive.unsw.edu.au/archive/795

CLUNIES_ROSS, MBE – Adrian – Major General

YouTube

#15 in the series titled ‘Life on the line: Our veterans; their stories’

A 2017 interview of 33 mins 54 secs duration of Major General Clunies-Ross by Thomas Kaye. Clunies-Ross served with 1 RAR, 8 RAR (as CO) and the AATTV . Accessible at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rdbv4yWuWfI

COLE-ADAMS, Jennet & GAULD, Judy – Decision: Stories of leadership in the services

Department of Veterans Affairs, Canberra, 2017

ISBN: 978-0-9944775-6-9

Index, photographs; 56 pages.

A general promotional publication which includes three prominent members of the RAR – Captain Reg Saunders, General Peter Cosgrove and Corporal Ben Roberts-Smith, each of which includes text and images of their backgrounds in the RAR. Other soldiers of the same RAR units feature in the material.

COLVIN, DSO, ED – George Edward – Lieutenant Colonel (CO 66 Bn)

Australian Dictionary of Biography

An outline of the career of Lieutenant Colonel Colvin who commanded 66 Bn in Japan between February 1946 and June 1947. 2 RAR was formed originally as the 66th Battalion at the end of World War II on 16 October 1945 as a regular infantry force raised from volunteers from the 9th Division for service with the British Commonwealth Occupation Force in Japan. The battalion was stationed primarily at Hiro as part of the 34th Brigade from February 1946 to December 1948, when they returned to Australia.[ A month earlier, on 23 November 1948 it was renamed 2 RAR, with the Royal regimental prefix being granted on 31 March 1949 Accessible at https://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/colvin-george-edward-9799

Commonwealth War Graves Commission – CWGC – for evermore – stories of the fallen

Commonwealth War Graves Commission

Online database of all British Commonwealth war dead. Includes all RAR members to die in war/ missing presumed dead. Accessible at https://www.cwgc.org/

COSGROVE, AKCVOMC – Sir Peter John – General

Wikipedia

Career profile of General Cosgrove whose RAR service included 9 RAR,  5/7 RAR, and 1 RAR the latter which he commanded. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Cosgrove

COULTHARD-CLARK, Chris – DUNTROON The Royal Military College of Australia 1911-1986

Allen and Unwin, Sydney, 1986

ISBN: 0 86861 883 7

Appendices, References, Bibliography, Index, 367 pages.

Lists all graduates up to 1986, and how they are trained. Book also names many RAR staff members. Well illustrated, with Staff Cadet list among the appendices.

DAWSON, AM, CSC – Brian Robert – Major General

Wikipedia

Career outline of Major General Dawson whose RAR service included 3 RAR. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brian_Dawson_(general)

Day, KBE, CB, DSO -Sir Thomas Joseph – Lieutenant General

Wikipedia

Outline career of General Day who commanded 28 Commonwealth Infantry Brigade in Korea, a formation in which 1,2, and 3 RAR Served.  He also commanded 1 ATF Vietnam which included several RARs on rotation during his command. Accessible at  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Daly_(general)

DALY, KBE, CB, DSO – Sir Thomas Joseph – Lieutenant General

Australian War Memorial

Summary of General Daly’s career including commander 28 Commonwealth Infantry Brigade in Korea, a formation in which 1,2, and 3 RAR Served.  He also commanded 1 ATF Vietnam which included several RARs on rotation during his command. Accessible at https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/P10676275

Deaths as a result of service with Australian units

Australian War Memorial

Statistics of all Australian war dead, including every RAR member. Embedded in this site is the Roll of Honour search function. Accessible at https://www.awm.gov.au/articles/encyclopedia/war_casualties

Deighton, AM, MC – John Pericles Arthur – Brigadier

Wikitree

Career outline of Brigadier Deighton whose service with the RAR included 4 RAR and the as CO 2/4 RAR. Accessible at https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Deighton-130

De PIERRES, Peter – Supplement to Wyalkatchem & Districts war service 1899-1976

Self-published, Wyalkatchem WA, 1988

ISBN: 0731656148

Illustrations, index; 17 pages.

Local historian listing of additional citizens of that area who served, including RAR members, up to 1976

De PIERRES, Peter – Wyalkatchem & Districts war service 1899-1976

Self-published, Wyalkatchem WA, 1975

ISBN: 9780731601875

Illustrations, index; 102 pages.

Local historian listing of citizens of that area who served, including RAR members, up to 1976.

DONNELLY, Roger – The Scheyville Experience, The Officer Training Unit Scheyville 1965-1973

University of Queensland Press ,St Lucia QLD, 2001

ISBN 0 7022 3247 5 (pbk)

Index; 202 pages.

Scheyville produced many RAR Officers who served in Australia and overseas on operations. This is the story of how they were trained. As well, many officers from the RAR served on staff. Nominal Roll of Directing Staff and Graduates, Gallantry Awards, Honour Roll, black and white photos included.

Dunstan, AC, KBE, CB – Donald Beaumont -Lieutenant General

Wikipedia

Career profile of General Dunstan who serve in BCOF, then 1 RAR which he later commanded. Also commanded 1st ATF Vietnam. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Dunstan_(governor)

EDWARDS, Glen D – Beyond Dark Clouds

Self-published, 2012

ISBN: 9780646575605SECA

Index, Bibliography; 404 pages.

Addresses the long-term effects of war on Vietnam veterans and their families and, more recently veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan and their families. Gives an insight (as told by veterans, their spouses and children) into their lives and the many challenges confronting them daily.

Ellwood, DSC, AM, CSC – Jake – Major General

Wikipedia

Career profile of Major General Ellwood whose RAR service included 2/4 RAR, 5/7 RAR and as CO 5 RAR. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jake_Ellwood

FERGUSON, I.B. (Lieutenant Colonel) – Command and control of the 81 mm mortar section

In Australian Army Journal, No 151, Dec 61, pp 5-10.

Paper written early in the life of the 81 mm mortar which was introduced into RAR service at the time. Accessible at https://researchcentre.army.gov.au/sites/default/files/aaj_151_dec_1961.pdf

FREEMAN, Brian with PARK, Tony – Walking wounded, Kokoda Track, Helping Soldiers

Pam MacMillan, Sydney, 2013

ISBN : 9781742612966

Illustrated, index; 265 pages.

Freeman had a belief that walking the track could have a special benefit for wounded Australian servicemen and the families of those killed in Afghanistan or Iraq. In 2012, he proved his theory right by organising two treks. This book is the inspiring account of the men (some RAR)and women on those treks – how walking in the footsteps of those who fought on the track has helped them piece their lives back together. It’s also a deep insight into their service, the actions that saw them wounded and the slow process of recovery and rehabilitation.

Frewen, DSC, AM – John – Lieutenant Colonel

Wikipedia

Career summary of Lieutenant General Frewen, who served with 1 RAR and 2 RAR, the latter as its CO. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Frewen_(general)

Gilmore, AO,DSC – Peter Warwick “Gus” – Major General 

Wikipedia

Career profile of Major General Gilmore whose RAR service included 8/9 RAR. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gus_Gilmore

Grey, AO, DSO – Ronald Alwyn – Major General

Wikipedia

Career summary of Major General Grey whose service with the RAR included CO 7 RAR. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ron_Grey

HALL, Robert A – Accidental Discharges – The Soldier’s Industrial Accident in Vietnam and East Timor

In Australian Defence Force Journal, No. 149, July/August 2001, pp 27-34.

Examination of comparative data from Vietnam and East Timor, where accidental discharges were a potential problem facing all RAR troops and sometimes caused friendly casualties.

Hartley, AO, John – Major General

Wikipedia

Career summary of one of the RAR tribal elders. GEN Hartley served with 5 RAR. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Hartley_(general)#:~:text=As%20a%20major%20general%2C%20Hartley,Defence%20Intelligence%20Organisation%20in%201992.

Hassett, AC, KBE, CB, DSO, LVO – Sir Francis George – General

Wikipedia

Career outline of General Hassett whose service with the RAR included CO 3RAR in Korea, and later he commanded 28 British Commonwealth Brigade in Malaya. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Hassett

Hay, CB, MBE – Robert Arthur – Major General

Wikipedia

Career profile of Major General Hay whose RAR service included 3 RAR of which he was also the CO. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Hay_(general)

HEDGES, Jason – The Royal Military College of Australia 1911-2011: Celebrating 100 years at Duntroon

Big Sky Publishing, Newport NSW, 2012

ISBN: 9781921941467 (hbk)

ISBN:9781921941474 (pbk)

Well-illustrated; 330 pages.

The story of RMC from whence come many of the officers to serve in the RAR. Includes as Roll of Honour, and a roll of Duntroon cadets over that time.

Henderson, AO, DSO, OBE – William George- Major General

Wikipedia

Career outline of Major General Henderson whose service with the RAR included 2 RAR which he commanded in Korea. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Henderson_(general)

HOWIE- WILLIS, Ian – An Unending War: The Australian Army’s struggle against Malaria, 1885-2015

Big Sky Publishing, Newport NSW, 2016

ISBN: 9781925272758

Index, B & W photographs, maps, charts; 348 pages.

This story reflects the ongoing battle against Malaria in virtually every theatre of operations since the Suakin 1885 campaign when NSW troops deployed to Egypt. RAR’s involvement in post-WW II campaigns are mentioned.

HOWIE-WILLIS, Ian – VD: The Australia army’s experience of sexually transmitted diseases during the twentieth century

Big Sky Publishing, Newport NSW, 2020

ISBN-10: 1922387258

ISBN-13: 978-1922387257

Illustrations, charts, index; 386 pages.

The impact of sexually transmitted diseases on both peacetime and operational environments can be significant.

RAR individuals and by inference units, are referred to in the post-1945 era.

Hughes, AO, DSO, MC – James Curnow – Major General

Wikitree

Outline career of Major General Hughes who served in 3 RAR and 4 RAR. Accessible at https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Hughes-14979

Hughes, CBE, DSO – Ronald Laurence – Major General

Wikipedia

Outline career of Major General Hughes who served in 3 RAR as its CO in Korea. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_Laurence_Hughes

Hurley, AC, DSC David John – General

Wikipedia

Career profile of General Hurley whose RAR service included 1 and 5/7 RAR, the former of which he commanded in Somalia. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Hurley

INGLIS, Ken – Sacred places: War memorials in the Australian Landscape

Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 2008

ISBN: 9780522854794

640 pages (3rd Edition).

Assisted by Jan Brazier, this book is a sociological study of the place of war memorials in the Australian setting, whether all RAR members KIA are recorded, many in several places. Physical memorials and commemorative rolls together constitute what Inglis addresses.

Interim Report of the Royal Commission into Defence and Veteran Suicide

Royal Commission into Defence and Veteran Suicide, Canberra, 2022

On 11 Aug 22, the interim report focused on the identification of systemic problems and solutions to suicide and suicidality among serving and ex-serving ADF members. It was submitted to the governor General. RAR members feature in it, subject to it and will be waiting to see what the final report actually identifies and what recommendations arise. Accessible at https://defenceveteransuicide.royalcommission.gov.au/publications/interim-report

Jackson, DSO – Donald Robert – Brigadier (CO 67 Bn)

Australian Dictionary of Biography

An outline of the career of Brigadier Jackson who commanded 67 Bn from October 1945 to March 1947. 3 RAR was initially formed on 20 October 1945 from volunteers from the 3rd6th7th and 11th Australian Divisions. The battalion became part of a wider commitment for occupation duties as part of the British Commonwealth Occupation Force in Japan. 67 Bn arrived in Japan as part of the Australian 34th Brigade in February 1946.  67 Bn was redesignated 3 RAR in November 1948. The ‘Royal’ prefix was appended in March 1949. The Australian force in Japan was gradually downsized, with 3 RAR being the only Australian battalion left in the country at the outbreak of the Korean War. Accessible at  https://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/jackson-donald-robert-12689

Jackson, DSO, OBE – Oliver David – Brigadier

Wikipedia

Career summary of Jackson who served in 1, 2 and 3 RAR and commanded all three, the only man to do so. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oliver_David_Jackson

JACKSON, K.H. (Lieutenant) – The employment of the mortar section

In Australian Army Journal, No 149, Oct 61, pp 36-42.

Paper includes discussion on the tactical employment of mortars, timed to coincide with the arrival of the 81 mm mortar in the RAR (and later) reserve battalions of the Australian Army. Accessible at https://researchcentre.army.gov.au/sites/default/files/aaj_149_oct_1961.pdf

James, William, AC, AO (Mil), MBE, MC – William (Digger) – Major General

Wikipedia

Outline career of Major General James who served with 1 RAR in Korea where he was severely wounded. He changed Corps due to those wounds. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_James_(Australian_general)

Jeffrey, AC, AO (Mil) CVO, MC – Phillip Michael (Mike) – Major General

Wikipedia

Outline career profile of Major General Jeffrey who served with 2 RAR and 3 RAR. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Jeffery

Keating, AO – Michael James – Major General

Independent Australia

Outline career profile of Major General Keating who served with 2 RAR in Malaya, 8 RAR in Vietnam (69/70 tour of duty) and 2/4 RAR of which he was the CO. Accessible at Outline career profile of Major General Jeffrey who served with  2 RAR and 3 RAR. Accessible at https://independentaustralia.net/profile-on/major-general-michael-keating,19

KERBY, Martin C – Where Glory Awaits – A History of St Joseph’s College Gregory Terrace at War

Boolarong Press 2005

ISBN: 1 921 054 60 5

Index; 174 pages.

A biography of ex-students of Terrace who enlisted, several of whom served with the RAR commencing with the BCOF and Korea through the South East Asian campaigns and with the UN until and including Somalia.

Kelly, AO, DSC – Mark Andrew – Major General

Wikipedia

General career outline for Major General Kelly whose service with the RAR included 5/7 RAR and 1 RAR of which he was the CO. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mark_Kelly_(general)

KEOGH, MBE, ED E.G. (Colonel) (Editor) – Equipment for the Pentropic Division

In Australian Army Journal, No 134, Jul 60, pp 9-26.

The full edition of this AAJ is devoted to the topic. The section assigned to Infantry weapons covers what the RAR battalions at the time (1, 2 and 3 RAR) were issued when this experimental divisional organization was adopted when the RARs were in Australia. When deployed to Malaya during this period, they switched to the tropic battalion organization. This was a complex time for the RAR battalions. Accessible at https://researchcentre.army.gov.au/sites/default/files/aaj_134_jul_1960.pdf

KIRK, G E – Lest we forget: Swanpool and district call to arms and those who answered 1914-1973

Self-published, Benalla VIC, 2001

ISBN: 095790150X

Illustrations, maps; unpaged.

Contains details of veterans from the area including RAR members.

Kirkland, AO – Keith Henry – Major General

Australian War Memorial, Canberra, 1972

Basic biographic outline of Major General Kirkland’s career that included service with 2 RAR in Korea. Accessible at https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/P10680560

LEAHY, Peter

Wikipedia

Online biography of LTGEN Peter Leany, AC (Retd). Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Leahy

LEE, J.E. – Duntroon: The Royal Military College of Australia 1911-1946

Australian War Memorial, Canberra, 1952

ISBN: Not identified

Black and white and colour photographs, index, nominal roll; 293 pages.

Provides a history of life at RMC in the years listed. Many of the graduates went on to command sub-units and units of the RAR, with many also rising to General rank following regimental service. A good background to the formative years in which such men developed the officer skills later applied to the benefit of the RAR and the Army generally.

LINDSAY, Neville – Loyalty and Service, The Officer Cadet School, Portsea

Historia Productions, Kenmore Qld 4069

ISBN 0 646 25492 8 (hcr)

Index, cover; 354 pages.

OCS Portsea produced many officers for the RAR, As well, many officers from the RAR served on staff. This story details their training. Graduate index, bibliography, glossaries, black and white and colour photos, Roll of Honour included.

LINDSAY, Patrick – The home front – The never-ending war within our veterans

Affirm Press, South Melbourne, 2023

ISBN: 9781922806444

Illustrated, bibliography; 279 pages.

This book examines the wide-ranging damage caused by training Australian soldiers to be fighters and then inadequately supporting them as they re-enter civilian society. This is illustrated with examples of both the personal and societal costs. Examples include RAR cases.

LLOYD, Thomas Kevin – Beat PTSD: How a combat soldier conquered chronic PTSD to live a life that truly matters, and how you can too

Global Publishing Group, Mt Evelyn VIC, 2018

ISBN: 9781925288126

B & W photographs; 227 pages.

Contains practical advice by telling the mistakes the author made, the lessons learned for the benefit of others. Author was a member of the RAR and refers to this in parts of this publication.

MacAdie, DSO -Thomas Fergus Buchanan – Brigadier (CO 67 Bn)

Australian Dictionary of Biography

An outline of the career of Brigadier MacAdie who commanded 67 Bn from March 1947 to August 1948 (Japan). 3 RAR was initially formed on 20 October 1945 from volunteers from the 3rd6th7th and 11th Australian Divisions. The battalion became part of a wider commitment for occupation duties as part of the British Commonwealth Occupation Force in Japan. 67 Bn arrived in Japan as part of the Australian 34th Brigade in February 1946.  67 Bn was redesignated 3 RAR in November 1948. The ‘Royal’ prefix was appended in March 1949. The Australian force in Japan was gradually downsized, with 3 RAR being the only Australian battalion left in the country at the outbreak of the Korean War. Accessible at https://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/macadie-thomas-fergus-buchanan-10887

MacDonald, KBE, CB – Sir Arthur Leslie – Lieutenant General

Wikipedia

General career outline for Lieutenant General MacDonald whose service with the RAR included CO 3 RAR in Korea. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_MacDonald

MASTERS, Chris – Uncommon Soldier – Brave, compassionate and tough, the making of Australia’s modern diggers

Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 2012

ISBN 9781741759716

Colour images, index; 374 pages.

Looks at the the modern Australian soldier – war fighter, peacekeeper, street-level diplomat and aid workers; how they are selected, led, and transformed from civilians to disciplined professional soldiers. Includes examples from Iraq and Afghanistan, sharing the experiences of the young men and women who make up the Australian army including RAR members.

MATON, Michael – The national honours and awards of Australia

Kangaroo Press, Kenthurst NSW, 1995

ISBN10: 0864276791

ISBN13: 9780864176790

 

Illustrations incl coloured photographs, index; 168 pages.

Includes details of Australian and awards, most of which are held by RAR members.

 

McANDREW, Alex – Milton-Ulladulla in the wars

Alex McAndrew, Epping NSW, 1994

ISBN: 0959674462

Photographs, index; 220 pages.

A local publication listing citizens of the Milton-Ulladulla who served, including RAR members.

McCLELLAND, James – A guide to Australian war cemeteries in 80 countries: war graves registers, and war memorial registers for those whom have no known grave

Self-published, Silverdale NSW, 1999

ISBN: 9780908492831

Illustrated, index; 270 pages.

A well-illustrated monograph, containing details of soldiers buried overseas, or missing. Includes all such RAR soldiers.

McDonald, AO, DSO, OBE, MC – Bruce Alexander – Major General

 Wikipedia

General career outline for Major General McDonald whose service with the RAR included 3 RAR of which he was the CO in Malaya and Borneo. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruce_Alexander_McDonald

McPHEDRON, Ian – Where soldiers lie: the quest to find Australia’s missing war dead

Harper Collins, Sydney, 2019

ISBN: 9781460709818

ISBN 10: 1460709810

Images, Index; 288 pages. Also available on CD via commercial outlets.

Over thirty-five thousand Australian soldiers and airmen are still listed as Missing In Action from the wars of the 20th Century. This book is about the process, science and people involved in trying to locate them. Includes the successful recovery of the six MIA from Vietnam, and the ongoing quest to locate those MIA in Korea, both wars including predominantly RAR MIA. No ADF personnel from any other overseas conflict since the creation of the RAR are missing.

Molan AO, DSC – Andrew James (Jim) – Major General

Wikipedia

Career profile of Major General Molan whose RAR service included 3 RAR and 6 RAR, the latter of which he was CO. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Molan

MOORE, Darren – DUNTROON The Royal Military College of Australia 1911-2001

RMC of Australia, Canberra, 2001 (with assistance from the Australian Army History Unit)

ISBN: 1-876439-97-1

Appendices, References, Bibliography, Index, 608 pages.

Lists all cadets up to 2001, and how they are trained. Book also names many RAR staff members. Well illustrated, with Staff Cadet list among the appendices.

Morrison, AO, DSO, MBE – Alan Lindsay (Alby) – Major General

Wikipedia

General career outline for Major General Morrison who served with 66Bn /2 RAR, 3 RAR, 1 RAR and then as CO 9 RAR. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Morrison_(general)

MURPHY, LTCOL PI – Fatigue Management During Operations: A Commander’s Guide

Doctrine Wing, Land Warfare Development Centre, Puckapunyal VIC, 3662

ISBN: Nil

Reading List, photographs, glossary; 96 pages.

Includes many illustrations from RAR members in the various campaigns in which they were involved.

MURRAY, Alan – Staff cadet -Bishing, bogging and bastardisation at Duntroon

Amazon Digital Services LLC – KDP Print US, 2017

ISBN: 9781519025579

Illustrated, Index, Nominal Roll; 222 pages.

A frank account by a graduate of the cadet experience from 1978 – 1982. Many of the graduates from 1982, including some of those mentioned in this book, went on to serve in variety of deployments in RAR units and as individuals.

Names of all Australian armed forces people killed in action 1939-1947, Korea 1950-1953, and Vietnam 1963 and 1973

James McClelland Research, Silverdale NSW, 1990

ISBN: Nil.

160 pages.

A bound collection of data available from the National Library of Australia Card Number 0-908492-0 / 1990-618-71. States that includes Korea and Vietnam, but not Malaya or Borneo.

NEUVE, Denny, TRAILL, Gordon and McCULLAGH Catherine – Unconquered our wounded soldiers

Big Sky Publishing, Newport NSW, 2019

ISBN: 9781925675986

B & W and colour photographs; 224 pages.

A pictorial history of the Invictus Games in 2018. It profiles a number of ANZAC competitors and identifies several who were serving in the RAR when they qualified for inclusion.

NICHOLAS, Gerri – Men for others: St Aloysius’ College Roll of Honour: Boer war to Vietnam War

St Aloysius’ College, Milson’s Point NSW, 2002

ISBN: 064641951X

Illustrated. index, bibliography; 138 pages.

Record of old boys who served in war, including RAR units up to and including Vietnam.

Norrie, OBE – James William – Major General

ACT memorial

Outline of Major General Norrie’s career including service with 3 RAR in Korea. Accessible at http://www.memorial.act.gov.au/search/person/norrie-james-william

O’GRADY, Brian – A salute to our fallen

Self-published, Allora QLD, 2003

ISBN: 0646371576

Maps, illustrations, bibliography; 225 pages.

An A4 size publication, it lists a range of veterans from Korea and Vietnam, including 5 RAR members KIA.

PARSONS, Ronald (Editor) – Navy, Army, Air Force Nasho: the National Service Experience 1951-1972

Boolarong Press, Salisbury QLD, 2014

ISBN: 9781925046519

B & W photographs, Roll of Honour of National Servicemen killed in Vietnam; 230 pages.

A wide-ranging series of stories about National Servicemen across all three Services. Of them 212 died and 1479 were wounded on active service. This book provides an insight into the Nashos training and service as told by those who were conscripted. It also explains the reasons for National Service at the time. Army includes many RAR personnel, including all of those KIA.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and War related stress

The National Centre for War-related PTSD, West Heidelberg VIC, 1999

ISBN: 0642414602

Bibliography, Illustrated; 47 pages.

A monograph resulting from a collaborative project between the Commonwealth Department of Veterans’ Affairs, The University of Melbourne, and the Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre.

QUIRK, SGT M – PTSD, the soldier and our responsibility as their Health Professional

Summit Publishing, Melbourne, 2009

In Paulatim 2010– magazine of the Royal Australian Army Medical Corps.

Journal article on the medical condition affecting many ADF personnel including RAR members. Available through RAAMC editors whose details are at http://www.raamc.org.au/web/downloads/Paulatim2010.pdf

RAR Association – Roll of Honour 1948-98

RAR Association, Brisbane, 1998

No ISBN

Lists all RAR members who died whilst on overseas service from Japan to Vietnam inclusive, and who are commemorated at the  National Memorial Walk at Enoggera, Brisbane. Second and updated edition is under preparation. Available from Bibliography Registrar, and soon to be instated in Part 16.

RISEMAN, Noah and ROBINSON, Shirlene – Pride in Defence: the Australian military and LGBTI service since 1945

Melbourne University Press, Carlton VIC, 2020

ISBN: 9780522876741

Index, bibliography; 262 pages.

Some of the RARs are mentioned in the sociological study which charts the changing policies and practices of the ADF, illuminating the experiences of LGBTI members in what was often a hostile institution. Drawing on over 140 interviews and previously unexamined documents, Pride in Defence features accounts of secret romances, police surveillance and traumatic discharges. 

Robertson, KBE, DSO – Sir Horace Clement Hugh – Lieutenant General

Wikipedia

Career summary for Lieutenant General Robertson whose service with the RAR included commander BCOF and then  British Commonwealth Forces Korea (BCFK), and honorary Colonel of the RAR 1954-60. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horace_Robertson#:~:text=Lieutenant%20General%20Sir%20Horace%20Clement,War%20and%20the%20Korean%20War.

SAYER-JONES, Moya – Beyond the call: stories from veterans and their families

Department of Veterans Affairs, Canberra, 2009

ISBN: 9781877007347

Illustrated; 96 pages.

Stories by veterans and families, including of RAR members, in most deployments since World War II, including Korea, Malaya, Vietnam, Rwanda, Somalia, East Timor, Solomon Islands and Bougainville. Most are in connection with the handling of mental health issues some face.

SCOTT, Francis Peter DSO, MID

Virtual War Memorial Australia

1 hr 22 min audio interview

Biographical details of Scott. Audio interview contains extensive details of his career. Accessible at https://vwma.org.au/explore/people/378638

Search for a Commemoration (War graves)

Department of Veterans’ Affairs

Office of War Graves Commission site to assist with locating war graves, including RAR members, by searching for and reviewing details of official Office of Australian War Graves commemorations. Accessible at

https://connect.dva.gov.au/commemsoawg/commemoration/commemorationSearch.html

Service with the Australian Defence Force: Census 2021

Australian Bureau of Statistics

The first report on the first-ever census conducted in 2021 in Australia on the number of Australians to have served/are serving in the ADF. While it does not show detail such as Service or Corps, it does reveal for the first time a measure of how many people do have ADF service which of course includes living RAR members at the time this census was carried out. More than half a million Australians (581,139) have served, or are currently serving, in the ADF. Accessible at https://www.abs.gov.au/statistics/people/people-and-communities/service-australian-defence-force-census/2021

Serving and ex-serving Australian Defence Force members who have served since 1985: suicide monitoring 1997 to 2020

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Canberra, 2022

ISBN: 978-1-922802-34-7

116 pages.

This report is the fifth annual update monitoring deaths by suicide among serving and ex-serving Australian Defence Force (ADF) members. The population considered are ADF members who served between 1985 and 2020. Serving male ADF members die by suicide at about half the rate of Australian males. Ex-serving male members have a higher rate than Australian males, with subgroups within the ex-serving population having varying rates of suicide. Accessible at https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/veterans/serving-and-ex-serving-adf-suicide-monitoring-2022/contents/about

Serving and ex-serving Australian Defence Force members who have served since 1985: suicide monitoring 2001 to 2019

Australian Government, Canberra, 2021

ISBN: Nil

Published under the auspices of the Government, this Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Report provides sobering data on ADF suicides, including many ex- RAR members. Report available at https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/veterans/serving-and-ex-serving-adf-suicide-monitoring-2001/contents/about

Serving and ex‑serving Australian Defence Force members who have served since 1985 suicide monitoring: 1997 to 2020 (Fifth annual update)

Australian Government, Canberra, 2022

ISBN: 978-1-922802-34-7

116 pages.

Sponsored by the Australian Government, this Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Report features RAR members.  It is the fifth annual update monitoring deaths by suicide among serving and ex-serving Australian Defence Force (ADF) members who served between 1985 and 2020. Serving male ADF members die by suicide at about half the rate

SHEPARD, Ben – A war of nerves: soldiers and psychiatrists 1914-1994

Jonathon Cape, London, 2000

ISBN: 0224060333

Black and white photographs, notes, index; 487 pages.

A treatise on the psychological consequences of soldiers in combat, including during the Vietnam War which have been applicable to all RAR participants in that, and other deployments.

SLATER, AO, DSC, CSC – Michael David-  Major General

Wikipedia

Career profile of Major General Slater whose RAR service included 8/9 RAR, 1 RAR, 2/4 RAR and commanded 2 RAR. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Slater_(general)

Smethurst, AO, MBE – Neville Robert – Major General

7 RAR Association

General career outline for Major General Smethurst whose service with the RAR included 7 RAR. Accessible at https://7rar.asn.au/wp/?page_id=1306

Smith, AM – Michael Geoffrey – Major General

Parliament of Australia

General career outline of Major General Smith who served with 3 RAR and 2/4 RAR of which he was CO. Accessible at https://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/search/display/display.w3p;query=Id:%22media/summary/summary.w3p;query=Source%3A%22Defence%20Public%20Affairs%20Organisation%22

Smith, AO, DSC – Stuart – Major General

Wikipedia

Career profile of Major General Smith whose RAR service included CO 1 RAR. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stuart_Smith_(general)

SMITH, Neil C – Australian Army National Service Fatalities 1951-59

Mostly Unsung Military Historical Research and Publications, Melbourne, 2011

ISBN: Not identified

TBA pages.

An examination of the Scheme and the 79 young men (identified at time of this posting) who died whilst serving either on part or full time duty. Not to be found on any Honour Rolls. This work places into greater context the sacrifice of so many national service soldiers who would otherwise never be recognised. Includes RAR members.

SMITH, Neil C – Australian Army National Service Fatalities 1965-73

Mostly Unsung Military Historical Research and Publications, Melbourne, 2011

ISBN: Not identified

TBA pages.

An examination of the Scheme and the 380 young men who died whilst serving either on part or full time duty. Not to be found on any Honour Rolls. This work places into greater context the sacrifice of so many national service soldiers who would otherwise never be recognised. Includes RAR members.

STRONG, A.E.G. (Lieutenant Colonel – The 106mm Rifle M40-A1 anti-tank weapon

In Australian Army Journal, No 162, Nov 62, pp 22-32.

This is the first paper to address the 106mm RCL, being an American weapon brought into service to replace the 120mm BAT/WOMBAT, a British weapon used by the RAR serving in Malaya. Originally an Armoured Corps weapon, it was then issued to all RAR battalions and deployed in Vietnam and later, re-introduced in 1975 and remaining as the prime anti-armour weapon in Ras until replacement by the Milan ATGW in the later 1980s. Accessible at https://researchcentre.army.gov.au/sites/default/files/aaj_162_nov_1962_0.pdf

STUART, (Lieutenant General Simon Stuart, AO, DSC)

Australian Army

Army website

Biographical summary of Chief of Army 2023. Accessible at https://www.army.gov.au/about-us/leadership/chief-army

STUART, AO, DSC – Simon – Lieutenant General

Wikipedia

Career profile of Lieutenant General Stuart whose RAR service included 2/4 RAR, 2 RAR and as CO 8/9 RAR. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon_Stuart_(general)

Stretton, AO, CBE – Alan Bishop – Major General

Wikipedia

Career outline of Major General Stretton whose RAR service included 1 RAR and 2 RAR, the latter of which he was CO in Malaya. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Stretton

TANNER, Thomas W – Compulsory citizen soldiers

Alternative Publishing co-operative, Sydney, 1980

ISBN-10: 0909188297

ISBN-13: 978-0909188290

Illustrated, bibliography, index; 276 pages.

Addresses the issue of conscription, the third and fourth series in Australian history which helped generate soldiers to serve in the RAR.

The Constant Battle: Suicide by Veterans

Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2017

ISBN: 9781760106201

Appendices; 207 pages.

On 1 September 2016 the Australian Senate referred ‘Suicide by veterans and ex-service personnel’ to the Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade References Committee for inquiry and report by 30 March 2017, subsequently extended to 15 August 2017. The Senate Committee held five public hearings across Adelaide, Canberra, Brisbane and Perth and received 458 submissions. The Committee’s report on the Inquiry was tabled in Parliament on 15 August 2017. A link to the report is at https://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Foreign_Affairs_Defence_and_Trade/VeteranSuicide/Report

THOMPSON, Alan – Never let the bastards get you down

Self-published, Hawker ACT, 2002

ISBN: 0646418734

Illustrated, Index, Nominal Roll; 205 pages.

Record of the Duntroon class to graduate in 1960 and cadet life in the late 1950s. Is regarded by Duntroon graduates as typical of the period 1955-1965. Graduates served in Malaya, Borneo, Vietnam, Malaysia and other deployments including United Nations, as individuals or as members of RAR units and sub-units.  

TOOHEY, Paul – PTSD among Australian Defence Force personnel who’ve served in Iraq and Afghanistan yet to be realized (14 G)

Presented on the News Corp Australia Network, this material is at:

http://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/health/ptsd-among-australian-defence-force-personnel-whove-served-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-yet-to-be-realised/story-fneuzlbd-1227079403594

 

Veteran Family Toolkit (Veterans’ Mental Health)

Produced by Bolton Clarke Research Institute

The five-episode Toolkit is series of videos that aims to inform and educate current and former members of the Australian Defence Force members and their families and friends, about mental health. These videos cover post-traumatic mental health, avenues to treatment and how to best support oneself and loved ones. The videos are designed to break down the stigma around seeking help, and include input from veterans, families, and experts in the field. Includes a range of RAR veterans. The link directly to the site is:  https://www.boltonclarke.com.au/resources/?resource_category=veteran-family-toolkit .

We who are left to grow old: stories to mark a centenary of legacy

The Legacy Club of Brisbane, Brisbane, 2023

ISBN: 978-0-646-87240-7

Illustrated; a contents list of the widows included; 241 pages.

Legacy Brisbane supports thousands of widows who lost their loved ones and have been affected by their partner’s service in WW2, the Korean War, Malayan Emergency and Vietnam War. Many of these ladies came to Legacy as young widows, still raising their children and struggling with their grief. This book features 26 different stories, many of which relate to RAR members who have passed on. Online reference with further links is accessible at https://www.storiesofremembrance.org.au/

Weir, DSO, MC – Stuart Paul – Brigadier

Wikipedia

Career summary of Brigadier Wier, who served with 1 RAR as a company commander in Korea, and then as CO in Vietnam. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stuart_Paul_Weir

WHITELAW, Peter (Compiler) – The Australian Army Officer Training Unit Scheyville 1965-1973

Officer Training Unit Association, Sydney, 2019

ISBN: Nil

Colour and B & W photographs; 294 pages.

Photographic record plus lists of graduates and their Corps allocations; most Infantry going to the RAR.

Wilson, AO – Richard Gary – Major General

Wikipedia

Career profile of Major General Wilson whose RAR service included 6 RAR, 2/4 RAR and CO of 2 RAR. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Wilson_(general)

Wilton, KBE, CB, DSO – Sit John Gordon Noel – General

Wikipedia

Career outline of General Wilton who commanded 28 Commonwealth Brigade in Korea in 1953 during the last hostilities. Two RAR battalions were included in the brigade at the time. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Wilton_(general)

JAPAN AND KOREA 1946-53

ADAM-SMITH, Patsy – Prisoners of war: from Gallipoli to Korea

Viking Australia, Ringwood NSW, 1993

 ISBN-10: 0670903086

ISBN-13: 978-0670903085

Illustrated; index; 599 pages.

A record of POWs including RAR members from Korea.

Australian Army – The Korean War Project

This site provides details of the Missing in Action soldiers (1,2 and 3 RAR), sailor and airmen, and the ongoing search for their remains from the Korean War. See https://www.army.gov.au/our-work/unrecovered-war-casualties/korean-war-project

Australian Broadcasting Commission/SAUNDERS, Ian – Bring them home: MIA from Korean War

ABC, Sydney, 2015

Interview, 18 Sep 15

Forty three Australians are still listed as missing in action from the Korean War and the son of one of them is pushing for remains to be identified and returned home. Names of the remaining MIA are available for document in Part 14 of this bibliography. See http://www.abc.net.au/7.30/content/2015/s4315696.htm

Australian Army in the Korean War

Department of Veterans Affairs

Website resource – Anzac Portal

Online summary of the Korean War form an Army perspective. Includes the 27th British Commonwealth Brigade that later became 28th Commonwealth Brigade, comprising 1, 2 and 3 RAR, 3 RAR being there for the full time and 1 and 2 RAR conducting whole of unit tours of duty. Accessible at https://anzacportal.dva.gov.au/wars-and-missions/korean-war-1950-1953/korean-war/armed-forces-korean-war/australian-army-korean-war

CLARKE Hugh, BURGESS, Colin & BRADDON Russell – Australians at War: Prisoners of War

Time-Life Books, UK, 1988, 1989

ISBN-10: 0949118257

ISBN-13: 978-0949118257

Index, illustrated; 168 pages.

Volume 10 of the Time-Life series, includes details of the RAR POW/MIA in Korea.

Department of Veterans Affairs – Australian Nominal Roll of Korean Veterans

Go to http://www.koreanroll.gov.au/history.aspx

Department of Veterans’ Affairs – Cancer Incidence Study 2003: Australian Veterans of the Korean War

DVA and Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Canberra, 2003

ISBN: 9781740243179

A4 soft cover, black and white photographs and references; 60 pages.

Most Army covered in this tri-service study were RAR members. Also online at https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/veterans/cancer-incidence-study-2003-korean-war-veterans/contents/table-of-contents

Department of Veterans’ Affairs – Health Study 2005: Australian Veterans of the Korean War

DVA and Monash University, Canberra, 2005

ISBN: Nil

A4 soft cover, maps, black and white photos; 150 numbered pages plus approximately 100 more pages of appendixes.

A general study of all three Services Korean War veterans of which Army fielded large numbers of RAR members. Located at https://www.monash.edu/medicine/sphpm/coeh/researchprogram/kwvhs

Department of Veterans Affairs – Health Study 2005 – Australian Veterans of the Korean War (Updated in 2014)

Monash University, Melbourne, 2005

ISBN: Nil

Maps, B & W photos, tables; 150 pages of text with approx. 100 more pages of Appendices.

 Most of the Army data will be RAR members. Updated version of the 2005 study is found at https://www.dva.gov.au/health-and-wellbeing/research-and-development/health-studies/health-study-2005-australian-veterans

Department of Veterans’ Affairs – Mortality Study 2003: Australian Veterans of the Korean War

DVA and Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Canberra, 2003

ISBN: Nil

A4 soft cover, maps, tables, black and white photos; 190 pages.

This study covers all three Services, and some of the photographs include RAR members in action during the Korean War.

Fraser, CB, CBE – Colin Angus Ewen – Major General

Wikitree

A general history of Major General Fraser who completed a 419-day tour of duty in the Korean War, from March 1955 to May 1956, as a Lieutenant Colonel with Headquarters 1st British Commonwealth Division. Under its command in the 27th British Commonwealth Brigade during that time were the fellow Australian Infantry comprising 1, 2 and 3 RAR. Accessible at https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Fraser-6225

List of Australian prisoners of war, Korean War

Australian War Memorial

During the Korean War, thirty Australian servicemen were captured by North Korean or Chinese forces. Twenty-four of those taken prisoner were serving with the Australian Army, mostly RAR. Six members of the RAAF were also captured. Available on line at https://www.awm.gov.au/articles/encyclopedia/pow/korea/list

Our Korean War dead

Department of Veterans Affairs

Data including overseas war cemeteries for Korea are accessible via this site. See https://www.dva.gov.au/recognition/commemorating-all-who-served/commemorate-our-war-dead/our-korean-war-dead

PHILLIS, Rosemary – The Riverstone War Memorial

Riverstone and District Historical Society, Riverstone, 2019

ISBN: 9870987197399

Colour and black & white photographs; Bibliography, note; 148 pages.

 Contains a biography and photo of a 2 RAR soldier killed in action in Korea.

Preliminary interim National Commissioner for Defence and Veteran Suicide Prevention Report

Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2021

ISBN: 978-1-921091-97-1 (Print)

          978-1-921091-96-4 (Online)

Illustrated, diagrams, bibliography, appendices; 416 pages.

Interim report by Dr Bernadette Boss, CSC (National Commissioner for Defence and Veteran Suicide Prevention) which was tabled in Parliament on 29 Sep 21. Affects every RAR member past and present. Accessible at https://www.nationalcommissionerdvsp.gov.au/publications/interim-national-commissioner-defence-and-veteran-suicide-preventions-report

Roll of Honour

Australian War Memorial

In this innocuous site, the Advanced Search function may be clicked on with entry or any service person’s name to identify what records there are in the AWM’s storage system. Go to https://www.awm.gov.au/advanced-search and enter the name. If the actual list of records don’t come up, then access the ‘People’ heading and go through the surnames presented there.

SMITH, Neil C – Australian Army national service fatalities 1951-59

Mostly Unsung Military History Research and Publications, Gardenvale VIC, 2011

ISBN: 1876179295

Illustrated; 18 pages.

Provides data on those national servicemen who died during their service in the period 1951-59. Some of these were RAR troops at the time of death.

SMITH, Neil C – British Commonwealth Occupation Forces: Japan 1946-1952 Australian Component Roll of Honour

Mostly Unsung Military Historical Research and Publications, Melbourne, 2003

ISBN: Not identified

TBA pages.

List includes all three services, most of whom were 1, 2 and 3 RAR, plus a Merchant Mariner. Includes BCOF men not on the Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour.

TRACEY, Michael P – Australian prisoners of war

Department of Defence, Canberra, 1999

ISBN: 9780642320568

Illustrations, index; 229 pages.

Covers Australian POWs including those captured in Korea, almost all of whom were RAR members, mainly 3 RAR. Of interest, there are still 22 (one further lost at sea) Army MIAs – all from 1, 2 and 3 RAR who might also have been POWs in Korea. Outside of WW I and WW II, there have been not other Australian POWs.

SOUTH EAST ASIA 1950-current

(includes Malaya, Borneo, Singapore & Malaysia)

Casualty of Malayan Emergency honoured at Duntroon

Department of Veterans Affairs, Canberra

YouTube, accessed 5 Feb 22

DVA video 2 mins 10 secs.

Commemorative service at Duntroon where a Portsea graduate, LT Clive Bridge of1 RAR, killed in action in Malaya, had his name added to the Honour Roll at that location. Several other RAR individual feature. Accessible at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IHotW6isXGw&t=13s

Our War dead from other conflicts

Department of Veterans Affairs

Data including overseas war graves for Malaya and Indonesian Confrontation are accessible via this site. See https://www.dva.gov.au/recognition/commemorating-all-who-served/commemorate-our-war-dead/our-war-dead-other-conflicts

ROSENZWEIG, Paul – In our neighbours’ soil our Anzacs sleep

In Sabretache, Volume LXII, Number 1 – March 2021, pp 24-33. Published by the Military Historical Society of Australia, Canberra.

Addresses the Australian war dead from the Malayan Emergency and Confrontation wars. Includes nominal rolls for both campaigns that include 1, 2, 3 and 4RAR members.

SMITH, Neil CMostly unsung: Australia and the Commonwealth in the Malayan Emergency 1948–1960

Neil C. Smith, Melbourne, 1989

ISBN: 073168169X

78-page nominal roll inside parent book.

Nominal roll of the Australian Military Forces who qualified for the General Service Medal Bar Malaya “, data at Appendix 8, pp. 47–125.

VIETNAM 1962-75

Australian Army – The Vietnam War

This site provides details of the Missing in Action soldiers (including RAR members) and airmen from the Vietnam War. As they have now all been recovered.  See https://www.army.gov.au/our-work/unrecovered-war-casualties/vietnam-war

Australian Army Training Team Vietnam (AATTV)

Nominal roll of all Australians and New Zealanders who served between 1962-1972 in the AATTV. A great many RAR officers/WO.NCOs served in ‘The Team’. Private research source accessible at http://www.aattv.iinet.net.au/nominal.htm

ABC – The Health of Australian Vietnam Veterans

ABC, Sydney, 2009

Audio Website

Interviews at https://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/healthreport/the-health-of-australian-vietnam-veterans/3067652 raise a series of cases from RAR members.

Anonymous – 500 The Australians who died in Vietnam

Australian Newspaper, Sydney, 1988

Thursday August 18, 1988 Special Edition included photographs and brief stories of the first 500 soldiers to die in Vietnam. The great majority were members from every RAR battalion, and others who were serving with the AATTV at the time.

Australian Government (Defence Honours and Awards Appeals Tribunal) – Reid and the Department of Defence [2017] DHAAT 22 (30 November 2017) – Recommendation for the award of the Victoria Cross of Australia

Department of Defence, Canberra, 2017

ISBN: Nil

39 page Hearing.

DHAAT Hearing recommendation regarding the potential award of the Victoria Cross of Australia to ex-PTE Ian Reid, 7 RAR for an action on 30 April 1970 near Phuoc Loi, South Vietnam. Paper located at https://defence-honours-tribunal.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/Reid-Decision.pdf

Australian National Service Vietnam Veterans: Mortality and Cancer Incidence 2005

DVA and Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Canberra, 2005

ISBN: 1 92072041 3

Soft cover; 154 pages.

Publication No P1055C investigated mortality and cancer incidence among national service Vietnam veterans compared to contemporary national service personnel who did not serve in Vietnam.

Australian Nominal Roll of Vietnam Veterans

Department of Veterans Affairs

Go to www.vietnamroll.gov.au/ and follow the links.

CROWE, Ambrose – The battle after the war: the story of Australia’s Vietnam veterans

Allen and Unwin, St Leonards NSW, 1999

ISBN-10: 1865080608

ISBN-13: 978-1865080604

Illustrations, index, bibliography; 210 pages.

Crowe was conscripted into the Australian army in 1966. He served as a centurion tank gunner in Vietnam including at the battles of Coral and Balmoral with 1 RAR and 3 RAR, two of the heaviest engagements in which Australians were involved in Vietnam. He has been involved with Vietnam veterans since the early 1980s, initially through the Vietnam Veterans Counselling Service and subsequently in researching this book. A study of the post-war impact on veterans, many RAR, and their families.

Department of Veterans Affairs – Cancer Incidence in Australian Vietnam Veterans Study 2005

DVA/AIHW, Canberra, 2005

ISBN: 1920720391

Maps, B & W photos, tables; 217 pages.

Covers all three Services; Army data includes RAR.

Dapsone Exposure and Australian Service in Vietnam: Mortality and Cancer Incidence

DVA, Canberra, 2007

ISBN: 1 920720 42 1

A4 soft cover; 142 pages.

Publication P10551 is the fourth and final volume in a series on Vietnam veterans, the great majority being RAR members.

David Buckwalter (ex- 3 and 6 RAR)

YouTube

# 5 in the series titled ‘Life on the line: Our veterans; their stories’

A 2017 interview of 38 mins 46 secs duration of Private Buckwalter by Alex Lloyd. Buckwalter served with 3 RAR as a national serviceman as a regimental signaller. He served with 3 RAR, and then transferred to 6 RAR in early August 1966, experienced the Battle of Long Tan in the battalion HQ. Accessible at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0F67p7qY6VE

DEMPSEY, Dianne – When he came home: The impact of the war on partners and children of veterans

Arcadia, Sydney, 2021 (and other publishers)

ISBN: 9781922454669

Illustrated, notes; 448 pages.

 When the Vietnam War veterans returned home, neither the veterans nor their partners were aware of the atrocious psychological harm with which they had been afflicted. Post-traumatic stress disorder had not yet been recognised and as the men fell victim to terrible moods and illnesses, they capitulated to their pain and isolated themselves and their families. With great courage and without recognition, veterans’ wives held their families together in the face of government and community indifference for decades. When He Came Home is a belated recognition of these women, and it also focuses on how the issues of PTSD and suicide affect veterans who participate in contemporary con­flicts. Told within an informed historical context and employing intimate narrative interviews, this important book examines the unexamined: how so many families have been brought to their knees and how such suffering can be prevented. Potentially applicable to all RAR individuals including in other conflicts.

DONNELLY, Roger – The Scheyville Experience 1965-73 

University of Queensland Press, Brisbane, 2001 (addendum printed in 2014)

ISBN-10: 0702232475

ISBN-13: 978-0702232473

Photographs, Index; 304 pages.

Also known as The Officer Training Unit Scheyville, this book chronicles the history of this officer training unit raised specifically to support the National Service effort supporting the Vietnam War. Many graduates served in the RAR, as did staff members.

DONOVAN, J.W. et al – Case-control Study of Congenital Anomalies and Vietnam Service (Birth Defects Study)

Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 1983

ISBN: Nil

127 pages.

 A report to the Minister for Veterans’ Affairs on Vietnam Veterans. Many RAR and other personnel had to contend with the potential effects of Agent Orange and other defoliants.

DUX, John and YOUNG, PJ – Agent Orange: The bitter harvest

Hodder and Stoughton, Sydney, 1980

ISBN: 0340261277

Illustrations, bibliography, index; 285 pages.

A detailed coverage of the defoliant called Agent Orange and its effects on humans. Used extensively in Vietnam it is a well know issue to all veterans including those of all RAR battalions.

EVATT, Phillip – Royal Commission into the use and effects of Agent Orange on Australian personnel in Vietnam (Full Report)

Australian Government Printing Service, Canberra, 1985

ISBN:  0644043393 (set)

0644043407 (v.1)

0644045116 (v.2)

0644043423 (v.3)

0644043431 (v.4)

0644045140 (v.5)

0644043458 (v.6)

0644045167 (v.7)

0644043474 (v.8)

0644043482 (v.9)

Nine volume series, also known as the Agent Orange Royal Commission Report. All RAR and other personnel to serve in Vietnam were potentially exposed to this defoliant.

EVATT, Phillip – Royal Commission into the use and effects of Agent Orange on Australian personnel in Vietnam  (Parliamentary statement)

Parliament of Australia

Hansard report made on 19 May 1988. All RAR and other personnel to serve in Vietnam were potentially exposed to this defoliant. See Hansard record at https://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/search/display/display.w3p;query=Id:%22chamber/hansardr/1988-05-19/0087%22;src1=sm1

HALL, Robert (Editor) – Australians missing in action – Vietnam

Published in 2016 on the UNSW/ADFA Australia’s Vietnam War website.

Details of the six MIAs from Vietnam and how they were eventually allocated and remains repatriated. Includes two A Coy 1 RAR soldiers KIA on 8 Nov 65 – LCPL Richard Parker and PTE Peter Gillson. Accessible at  https://vietnam.unsw.adfa.edu.au/australian-missing-in-action-vietnam/

HALL RA and ROSS AT – Case Study: Confronting moral dilemmas in combat: Vietnam 1966-1971

Centre for Defence Leadership and Ethics, Australian Defence College, Weston, Canberra, 2010

Leadership and Ethics Papers, 1/2010

A published working paper in which some RAR and individuals mentioned.

Janice & Stuart Smith, Loss

Department of Veterans Affairs

3 min 45 sec video

Short story of SGT Bernie Smith of 5 RAR Who was KIA on his tour of duty in 1969 in Vietnam. Major General Stuart Smith AO, DSC (Retd)and his mother feature, with stills photos from the war that includes imagery of other 5 RAR Soldiers. Accessible at https://anzacportal.dva.gov.au/resources/janice-stuart-smith-loss

LAUGHTON Kenny and WALSH, Derek – Touched by Fire: The Australian Experience in Vietnam

No publication details

ISBN: Nil

Colour photographs; 36 pages.

A tribute to those who served in Vietnam and a memorial to those who did not return alive. All RAR members are named with a photograph in chronological sequence of their deaths, along with other facts and figures of the war.

MADIGAN, Haydn – Australian Vietnam Veterans Honour Roll

An online resource provided by Haydn Madigan. Access http://www.vietnamveteranshonourroll.com/ and read the About Website link  box at the bottom right of screen for information on how to access and use the data.

Marking Time – 1970

Four corners

Youtube film, black and white; 32 mins 15 secs.

A documentary made in 1970 about life at Royal Military College (RMC) Duntroon (as it was called in 1970), featuring a range of issues pertaining to the training and preparation of RMC cadets for commissioned service in the Australian Army. Many of the people depicted became RAR officers, with each graduating class supplying RAR battalions and other units of the Army with its junior regimental officers. Many of the staff seen in this film, including the RSM – WO 1 Norm Goldspink, were/are RAR.  Accessible at https://www.abc.net.au/4corners/marking-time/2831588

McCULLOCH, Jock – The politics of Agent Orange: the Australian experience

Heinemann, Richmond VIC, 1989

ISBN: 9780908492831

Illustrated, maps, bibliography, index; 270 pages.

A valid reference for RAR and other researchers given the degree of exposure to this defoliant.

Morbidity of Vietnam veterans: Suicide of Vietnam veterans’ children Supplementary Report no 1

Department of Veterans Affairs, Canberra, 2000

ISBN: 9781740240604

22 pages.

Analyses suicide patterns among Vietnam veterans’ children highlighting time trends, age and sex distribution, location and method of suicide. Accessible at https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/veterans/morbidity-vietnam-veterans-children-suicide/contents/table-of-contents

It is a supplementary report to Morbidity of Vietnam Veterans: a study of Australia’s Vietnam veteran community. Volume 3: Validation Study which recommended that suicide in veterans’ children be further investigated and the result drawn to the attention of the Vietnam Veterans Counselling Service. This Australian Institute of Health and Welfare report extends the knowledge about the health of Vietnam veterans and their families.

 

 

Morbidity of Vietnam Veterans: a study of Australia’s Vietnam veteran community. Volume 1. Male Vietnam veterans, survey and community comparison outcomes

Department of Veterans Affairs, Canberra, 1998

 ISBN-10: 0642305064

First Australian Institute of Health and Welfare volume to the Morbidity of Vietnam Veterans series. There are two more with the same main title.

 

 

Morbidity of Vietnam Veterans: a study of Australia’s Vietnam veteran community. Volume 2. Female Vietnam veterans, survey and community comparison outcomes

Department of Veterans Affairs, Canberra, 1999

ISBN-10: 0642373736

ISBN-14: 978-0642373731

Second Australian Institute of Health and Welfare volume to the Morbidity of Vietnam Veterans series. Contains female veteran outcomes.

 

Morbidity of Vietnam Veterans: a study of Australia’s Vietnam veteran community. Volume 3. Validation Study

Department of Veterans Affairs, Canberra, 1999

 ISBN: 9781740240185

106 Pages.

Third and final Australian Institute of Health and Welfare volume to the Morbidity of Vietnam Veterans series. Deals only with male veterans. 6,842 veterans were engaged in this study.

MORGAN, Dave – The Invisible Trauma – coping with PTSD

Big Sky Publishing, Newport NSW, 2022

ISBN: 9781922765345

346 pages.

In any war the health of a fit soldier can drastically change in an instant and so it was for the men and women in the Vietnam war. While the consequences of major physical injury from a high velocity gunshot wound or from shrapnel from an exploding anti-personnel mine or from the explosive effects of an artillery shell or mortar were obvious, the effects of psychological injury were not. Author, who served as a Signals Corps man attached to RAR battalions, gives an account of his battle with PTSD and follows his book on his war experiences in the Vietnam War.

Mortality and Cancer Incidence in Australian Vietnam Veterans Study 2005

DVA and Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Canberra, 2005

ISBN: 1 920720 39 1

Soft cover; 217 pages.

Study covers veterans of all three services, including RAR members.

National Academies of Science, Engineering & Medicine – Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2014

National Academies Press, Washington, 2014

ISBN: 978039380669

 Graphs, illustrations, pages unknown.

This US study has been regularly updated, representing increased knowledge of the effects and impact upon veterans of the Vietnam War. As relevant and applicable to RAR and other veterans. Also accessible at  https://www.nap.edu/catalog/21845/veterans-and-agent-orange-update-2014

Nominal Roll of Australian Veterans of the Vietnam War
Department of Veterans Affairs
Provides the capacity to search for members who served in the Vietnam War. See  https://nominal-rolls.dva.gov.au/vietnamWar
 

O’TOOLE, Brian – The ANZAC Research Institute Report to Veterans

ANZAC Research Institute, Canberra, 2007

ISBN: nil

Publication includes Appendices, personnel, publications and tables. From the Australian Vietnam Veterans Health Study which covers all of the RAR members to serve there.

Our Vietnam War dead

Department of Veterans Affairs

Data including overseas war cemeteries for Vietnam are accessible via this site. See https://www.dva.gov.au/recognition/commemorating-all-who-served/commemorate-our-war-dead/our-vietnam-war-dead

Report of the Committee of Inquiry into the Royal Military College

Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 1970

ISBN: Nil

References; 53 pages.

Parliamentary Paper 147 is this report presented by a group led by The Honourable Justice R W Fox, Judge of the Supreme Court of the ACT. It examines the general training and preparation of RMC cadets for service as junior regimental officers. Mentions RAR officers and senior NCOs on staff, with many of the named cadets graduating to serve with the RAR since.

Roll of Honour

UNSW/ADFA (Canberra) Australia’s Vietnam War website.

 An interactive website created by the Military Operations Analysis Team that includes the ability to identify individual Australians KIA in Vietnam and where they fell. Accessible at https://vietnam.unsw.adfa.edu.au/

ROSE, Peter Robert – Soldier’s Conscience: The Ethical Complexity of Vietnam Service

Barton Books, Canberra, 2008

ISBN: 9780980490107

Index, Bibliography; maps, 115 pages.

Author served in Vietnam as an Engineer. The book addresses ethical issues faced by Australian soldiers in Vietnam resulting from the severe cultural dislocation of deployment into a war zone. All RAR members will have faced these issues, having constituted the great bulk of the Australian deployment.

SMITH, Neil C – 8th Battalion The Royal Australian Regiment Fatal and Non- Fatal casualty list South Vietnam 1969-71

Mostly Unsung Military Historical Research and Publications, Melbourne, 2012

ISBN: Not identified

TBA pages.

All fatal and non-fatal casualties listed, showing whether Australian Regular Army, National Service, battle or no- battle related. A total of 165 including a few not previously listed.

SMITH, Neil C – Australian Army Training Team Vietnam Casualty List

Mostly Unsung Military Historical Research and Publications, Melbourne, 2012

ISBN: Not identified

TBA pages.

Casualty List for all fatal and non-fatal casualties most of whom were RAR members.

South Vietnam nominal Roll – 1st and 2nd tour – 4 RAR

4 RAR Museum

List of all deployees. Accessible at http://www.4rarmuseum.com/Vietnam.txt

The Casualty List

Created and managed by Bob Coker, this is a list of Australian casualties in Vietnam. As such, the data are regularly being updated.

See http://www.thecasualtylist.com/

The National Service Scheme 1964-72

Australian War Memorial, Canberra, accessed 4 Mar 24

This material is also an Appendix from Peter Edwards, A nation at war : Australian politics, society and diplomacy during the Vietnam War 1965–1975: the official history of Australia’s involvement in Southeast Asian conflicts 1948-1975, volume VI, Allen & Unwin, Crows Nest, NSW, 1997. It outlines the fourth of Australia’s national service systems, this being the one aimed specifically at raising enough troops to meet the needs of the Vietnam War. Except for 1 RAR on its first tour, every RAR battalion in Vietnam included national servicemen. Accessible at Appendix: The national service scheme, 1964-72 | Australian War Memorial (awm.gov.au)

 

The Nominal Roll for the Vietnam War

Australian War Memorial, Canberra, 1997

ISBN: 064228051

Tables; 185 pages.

Commonwealth’s official published record of all Australians to serve in Australian units in the Vietnam War.

The Third Australian Vietnam Veterans Mortality Study

Department of Veterans’ Affairs and Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Canberra, 2005

ISBN: 1 920720 40 5

A4 soft cover; 230 pages.

Publication No 1055B is a study involving mortality rates in all three Services pertaining to veterans of the Vietnam War including mainly RAR members.

Vietnam Veterans Family Study (Volume 1)

Department of Veterans Affairs, Canberra, 2014

ISBN: 978-0-9941961-0-1 (Volume 1)

978-0-9941961-4-9 (full set)

978-0-9941961-5-6 (electronic version)

98 pages.

Study of the impact of service in Vietnam on families of RAR and other veterans is accessible on-line. Volume 1 is at https://www.dva.gov.au/sites/default/files/files/consultation%20and%20grants/healthstudies/vvfs/vvfs_vol1.pdf

Vietnam Veterans Family Study (Volume 2)

Department of Veterans’ Affairs, Canberra, 2014

ISBN: 978-0-9941961-1-8 (Volume 2)

978-0-9941961-4-9 (full set)

978-0-9941961-5-6 (electronic version)

222 pages.

Second in a significant research program undertaken by the Australian Government into the health of the families of Australia’s Vietnam veterans. The four volumes, released in 2014, examine the effect of Vietnam War service on the physical, mental and social health of the sons and daughters of Vietnam veterans. Over 27,000 people participated in the studies, including Vietnam veterans, partners and their children. Defence Force personnel of the same era who did not deploy to Vietnam, and their families, participated in the study as a control group. Includes many RAR personnel. Accessible at https://www.dva.gov.au/sites/default/files/files/consultation%20and%20grants/healthstudies/vvfs/vvfs-vol2.pdf

Vietnam Veterans Family Study (Volume 3)

Department of Veterans’ Affairs, Canberra, 2014

ISBN: 978-0-9941961-2-5 (Volume 3)

978-0-9941961-4-9 (full set)

978-0-9941961-5-6 (electronic version)

126 pages.

Third in a significant research program undertaken by the Australian Government into the health of the families of Australia’s Vietnam veterans. The four volumes, released in 2014, examine the effect of Vietnam War service on the physical, mental and social health of the sons and daughters of Vietnam veterans. Over 27,000 people participated in the studies, including Vietnam veterans, partners and their children. Defence Force personnel of the same era who did not deploy to Vietnam, and their families, participated in the study as a control group. Includes many RAR personnel.

 

Vietnam Veterans Family Study (Volume 4)

Department of Veterans’ Affairs, Canberra, 2014

ISBN: 978-0-9941961-3-2 (Volume 4)

978-0-9941961-4-9 (full set)

978-0-9941961-5-6 (electronic version)

418 pages.

Fourth in a significant research program undertaken by the Australian Government into the health of the families of Australia’s Vietnam veterans. The four volumes, released in 2014, examine the effect of Vietnam War service on the physical, mental and social health of the sons and daughters of Vietnam veterans. Over 27,000 people participated in the studies, including Vietnam veterans, partners and their children. Defence Force personnel of the same era who did not deploy to Vietnam, and their families, participated in the study as a control group. Includes many RAR personnel.

Vietnam veterans killed in action

Vietnam Veterans Vigil group

Website dedicated to Australian Vietnam veterans

A list of all Australians to be KIA in Vietnam. Most casualties including KIA were RAR members. All battalions lost soldiers this way in Vietnam. Accessible at https://www.vvv.org.au/523KIA/

WAGNER, Biancin – Commemorating the stories of Old Boy Vietnam’s War Veterans

St Joseph’s College, Brisbane, undated

ISBN: None

Colour and B & W photographs; 20 pages.

This locally produced booklet includes short biographies for over 50 former St Joseph’s College, Gregory Terrace College students who served in Vietnam, including in the RAR battalions.

WILLIAMS, Jean R – Children of the mist: Agent Orange future directions

Homecoming Publications, Nambour QLD, 2004

ISBN 10: 0957821794

ISBN 13: 90957821798

Black & white illustrations, index; 194 pages.

Australian coverage of the effects of Agent Orange on Vietnam Veterans. Many RAR veterans were exposed to this chemical agent and experience ongoing consequences.

WILLIAMS, Jean R – Harvest of tears

Homecoming Publications, Nambour QLD, 2000

ISBN-10: 0957821719

ISBN-13: 9780957821712

Illustrations, index; 186 pages.

The book reveals the struggle many families have had coping with the aftermath of the Vietnam War – the hidden legacy of children and grandchildren affected by the after-effects of chemical warfare (Agent Orange).

WILLIAMS, Jean R – The devil’s rainbow: conscripts, chemicals, catastrophe

Homecoming Publications, Nambour QLD, 1998

ISBN-10: 0646364545

ISBN-13: 978-0646364544

Black & white illustrations, index; 300 pages.

Addresses the impact of Agent Orange on participants of the Vietnam War, focussing on Australian conscript veterans, many who were RAR members.

YULE, Peter – The long shadow: Australia’s Vietnam veterans since the war

NewSouth Publishing, Sydney, 2020

ISBN: 9781742237183

Illustrated, index; bibliography; 688 pages.

The medical and psychological legacies of the Vietnam War are major and continuing issues for veterans, families and the community, yet the facts about the impact of Agent Orange, PTSD and other long-term health aspects are little understood. This book addresses the health of Vietnam veterans and reveals a more detailed and complex picture by takings a broad approach to the medical legacies, exploring the post-war experiences of Vietnam veterans, the evolution and development of the repatriation system in the post-Vietnam decades and the evolving medical understanding of veterans’ health issues.

PEACE KEEPING & PEACE MAKING OPERATIONS

(Somalia 1992-93, Rwast Timor 1999-2012, Bougainville 1994, The Solomon Islands 2000 -2008, all remaining deployments not covered by UN or above (Rhodesia, Uganda)

1 RAR Battalion Group – Supplementary Roll (Operation Solace)

Australian War Memorial, Canberra, 1993

The corrected (and therefore theoretically correct) full nominal roll of the 1 RAR Battalion Group to serve in Operation Solace in Somalia is available at AWM Record AWM 388 7/7/8. Accessible at https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/E84817

AWM388 7/7/8 – Research for A little bit of hope (book on Somalia by Bob Breen)

Australian War Memorial

Represents a portion of researcher and Army Operations Analyst COL Bob Breen’s material on the 1 RAR group deployment to Somalia. Primarily nominal rolls. Located at Control number AWM388 7/7/8 on line. Accessible at https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/AWM2020.20.40

John Frewen – a place never heard of

Department of Veterans Affairs

YouTube video 1 minute 55 secs.

A brief interview in the Anzac Portal series with LTGEN Frewen where he speaks of his service including having never heard of Rwanda until six months before deploying there with 2 RAR. Accessible at https://anzacportal.dva.gov.au/resources/john-frewen-place-never-heard

GLENN, Russell – Trust and leadership: The Australian Army approach to mission command

University of Georgia Press, Dahlonega, 2020

ISBN: 1940771692

Index; endnotes; 408 pages.

A series of papers (chapters) on this topic including one by John Caligari, himself on RAR member which refers to 1 RAR during Operation Solace in Somalia 1994.

Inquiry into recognition of Australian Defence Force service for Special Air Service counter terrorist and special recovery duties (died on duty)

Australian Government (Defence Honours and Awards Appeals Tribunal)

Inquiry that lead to the award of the ASM (with CT/SR clasp). Mentions RARs including 4 RAR (Commando) and a range of RAR personalities. Accessible at https://defence-honours-tribunal.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/SAS-CT-SR-Inquiry-Report.pdf. Appendix 3 lists all members to have died in the line of duty in this unique Service circumstance of service that is hostile but not officially ‘warlike’.

RUNGE C, KANESARAJAN J, LOOS C & NASVELD P – Rwanda Deployment Health Study

University of Queensland, Brisbane, 2014

ISBN: nil

References, graphs and charts; 529 pages.

A study into the long- term health and compensation of veterans of Operation TAMR, the ADF deployment to Rwanda in 1994-5. Coy groups and a HQ deployed from 2 and 2/4 RAR. Report is a joint effort of Centre for Australian Military and Veterans’ Health at UQ and DVA. Report is also accessible at file:///D:/Userfiles/Downloads/rwanda%20(1).pdf

WARD, W – Psychiatric morbidity in Australian veterans of the United Nations peacekeeping force in Somalia

In A NZ J psychiatry, 1997 Apr;31(2):184-93.

A study of 117 1 RAR gp veterans of the deployment to Somalia in 1992-3. Concludes that At least one-fifth of Australian soldiers who served in Somalia had significant levels of psychiatric morbidity 15 months following their return. This was almost twice that of their non-veteran peers. Accessible at https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/9140624/

IRAQ 2003-09 and 2021

Australians and Peacekeeping (Fatal casualties)

Australian War Memorial

This site is the official AWM summary of peacekeeping service, including UN deployments. Includes a list of all fatal casualties. Accessible at https://www.awm.gov.au/articles/peacekeeping

Department of Veterans’ Affairs – Australian Gulf War Veterans’ Health Study 2003: Executive Summary

Monash University and Health Services Australia, Melbourne, 2003

ISBN: Nil

A4 soft cover; 8 pages.

Executive Summary. This study was designed to investigate whether ADF personnel who served in the Gulf War have a higher than expected rate of adverse physical and psychological health effects, and if so, whether those effects are associated with exposures and experiences from that conflict.

Department of Veterans’ Affairs – Australian Gulf War Veterans’ Health Study 2003: Volume 2

Monash University and Health Services Australia, Melbourne, 2003

ISBN: 1 920720 13 8

A4 Soft cover; 402 pages.

Investigates whether ADF personnel who served in the Gulf War have a higher than expected rate of adverse general health outcomes than a comparison group, and if so, whether those effects are associated with exposures and experiences that occurred during the Gulf War.

AFGHANISTAN 2006 – ongoing

42 for 42

Website created by the entity of the same name.

A list of all 41 Australian soldiers killed in action in Afghanistan while serving in the ADF, including RAR members. Accessible on that parent site at Our Fallen | We honour those soldiers lost in battle and the families who they have left behind. (42for42.org.au)

Afghanistan Inquiry Report Plan

Department of Defence

Released on 30 Jul 21, this 36-page document heralded how the Government would progress this Inquiry (Brereton Report) into allegations of war atrocities in Afghanistan involving elements of the SOTG of which 2nd  Command Regiment Formerly 4 RAR (Cdo) was a part for some of the time involved. See report at https://afghanistaninquiry.defence.gov.au/sites/default/files/2021-07/Afghanistan_Inquiry_Reform_Plan_0.pdf

Brereton Report

Wikipedia

General coverage of the 2020 Inspector-General of the Australian Defence Forces Afghanistan Inquiry Report into allegations of war atrocities in Afghanistan involving elements of the SOTG of which 2nd  Commando Regiment Formerly 4 RAR (Cdo) was a part for some of the time involved. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brereton_Report

FRAME, Tom – Veiled valour: Australian special forces in Afghanistan and war crimes investigation

NSW Press Ltd, University of NSW, Sydney, 2022

ISBN: 9781742237633

Index, map; 456 pages.

The Brereton Report was the findings of a long-running enquiry into war crime allegations involving members of the Australian Special Forces in Afghanistan. It was released on 19 Nov 20. This book explores the background to those allegations and with several references to RARs and RAR personalities are included in it.

Inspector-General of the Australian Defence Forces Afghanistan Inquiry Report (Brereton)

Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2020

ISSN: 2207-6050 (print)

            22076069 (online)

References; 465 pages including introductions.

Also known as the Brereton Report official titled Questions of unlawful conduct concerning the Special Operations Task Group in Afghanistan by Major-General The Hon PLG Brereton AM, RFD, this is the redacted version released to the public. It mentions 4RAR (Commando) when referring to 2nd Commando Regiment. For the online version, see https://afghanistaninquiry.defence.gov.au/sites/default/files/2020-11/IGADF-Afghanistan-Inquiry-Public-Release-Version.pdf

List of Australian Defence Force casualties in Afghanistan

Wikipedia

Known as Operation Slipper, the Australian commitment to the war in Afghanistan has generated casualties. RAR members are included among them. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Australian_Defence_Force_casualties_in_Afghanistan

 

Submission by the RAR Association (Corps Ptd) – Senate Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade Committee – Inquiry into Australia’s Engagement in Afghanistan

Royal Australian Regiment Association (Corps Ltd), Adelaide, 2022

ISBN: Nil

RARA submission into this Inquiry. Submission No 75. Click on that number and the paper is downloaded. Accessible at https://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Foreign_Affairs_Defence_and_Trade/Afghanistanengagement/Submissions

The home front: the never ending war within our veterans

Limetree Studios

Video, 5 mins 29 secs.

A documentary on Afghanistan veterans and others who have difficulty post-deployments. Several RAR personnel in both interviews and combat footage can be identified. Accessible at https://documentaryaustralia.com.au/project/the-home-front/

War crimes in Afghanistan: the Brereton Report and the Office of the Special Investigator

Parliament of Australia, Canberra, 2024

Online report updating this matter in 2024. Special Forces against which some of the allegations are made in the period 2005-2016 included some troops who were RAR at the time. Accessible at https://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Parliamentary_Departments/Parliamentary_Library/pubs/BriefingBook47p/BreretonReport#:~:text=The%20Inspector%2DGeneral%20of%20the%20Australian%20Defence%20Force%20Afghanistan%20Inquiry,Afghanistan%20between%202005%20and%202016.

HUMANITARIAN/DEFENCE AID TO THE CIVIL COMMUNITY

(Civilian Humanitarian Disaster ops (incl Darwin 1975 and other cyclones and floods, overseas eg PNG, Indian Ocean, and lately, Border Operations, and DACC (non-disaster) eg Olympics and Commonwealth Games and other government support eg APEC, G20)

Nil entry

 

FUTURE

 

BAKER, Deane-Peter, BLACK, Rufus, HERBERT Roger and KING Iain – Ethics at War: How should military personnel make ethical decisions?

Routledge, Oxon/New York, 2024 

ISBN: 9781032321219

References,  endnotes, index; 158 pages.

An academic treatise on ethics. All current and future RAR members are now/will be subject to formal training in this area, and this book is one of the earlier of its type to feature in the derivation of such training. Also available online at https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/edit/10.4324/9781003312925/ethics-war-deane-peter-baker-roger-herbert-rufus-black-iain-king

 

FRAME, Tom & PALAZZO, Dr Albert (Eds) – Ethics under fire – Challenges for the Australian Army

UNSW Press, Sydney, 2017

ISBN: 97817422354953

Illustrated, index, references; 320 pages.

This book includes chapters on social media and violence, cyberweapons, ethics in special operations, and humanitarian deployments. Military personnel, aid workers, commentators, and academics discuss the Australian Army’s commitment to behaving ethically, and the challenges involved. Ethics Under Fire offers a rare insight into the key issues facing the modern army arising from technology, tactics, and terrorism. As the RAR still carries out the bulk of most close quarter combat it has specific application to those under even more pressure than perhaps some others.

Infantry soldier

Online recruiting tool; shows what Army says Infantrymen and (now) women do. Accessible at Army – Infantry Soldier (adfcareers.gov.au)

Preliminary interim National Commissioner for Defence and Veteran Suicide Prevention Report

Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2021

ISBN: 978-1-921091-97-1 (Print)

          978-1-921091-96-4 (Online)

Illustrated, diagrams, bibliography, appendices; 416 pages.

Interim report by Dr Bernadette Boss, CSC (National Commissioner for Defence and Veteran Suicide Prevention) which was tabled in Parliament on 29 Sep 21. Affects every RAR member past and present. Accessible at https://www.nationalcommissionerdvsp.gov.au/publications/interim-national-commissioner-defence-and-veteran-suicide-preventions-report

Report on the Review into the Treatment of Women in the Australian Defence Force (Broderick Review – Phase 2 Report)

Australian Human Rights Commission, Sydney, 2012

ISBN: 9781921449291

628 pages.

This Phase 2 report by the Sex Discrimination Commissioner, Elizabeth Broderick, addressed range ranging aspects of the topic, including women serving in combat units including the RAR battalions, which they now do.  Mentions RAR and Chapter 5.3 – Women in Combat (starts p 183) is especially relevant. Accessible at https://defence.humanrights.gov.au/sites/default/files/adf-complete.pdf

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